June 12, 2018

Using Dockerfiles

We see how to use a Dockerfile to make an image.

We use a Dockerfile to build a new image. Dockerfile's make creating an image from a container easier (it's code in a file you can commit to your SCM).

Here's the Dockerfile we end up with:

FROM ubuntu:18.04

LABEL maintainer="Chris Fidao"

ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive

RUN apt-get update \
    && apt-get install -y gnupg tzdata \
    && echo "UTC" > /etc/timezone \
    && dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

RUN apt-get update \
    && apt-get install -y curl zip unzip git supervisor sqlite3 \
       nginx php7.2-fpm php7.2-cli \
       php7.2-pgsql php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-gd \
       php7.2-curl php7.2-memcached \
       php7.2-imap php7.2-mysql php7.2-mbstring \
       php7.2-xml php7.2-zip php7.2-bcmath php7.2-soap \
       php7.2-intl php7.2-readline php7.2-xdebug \
       php-msgpack php-igbinary \
    && php -r "readfile('http://getcomposer.org/installer');" | php -- --install-dir=/usr/bin/ --filename=composer \
    && mkdir /run/php \
    && apt-get -y autoremove \
    && apt-get clean \
    && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* /tmp/* /var/tmp/*

We build this image from this Dockerfile in a similar way to how we commited changes to a container to make a new image.

docker build -t shippingdocker/app:latest \
    -f docker/app/Dockerfile \

We give the image a namespaced name of shippingdocker/app and tag it latest (the default tag, but we're being explicit here). We tell it the location of the Dockerfile with the -f flag, and finally we set the "context" (which I'll get into more later).

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